Major Victorian writers include:
Author's Name
Famous Works
Quotes/Interesting Facts
Matthew Arnold
British poet, cultural critic,
chastises and instructs the reader on contemporary social issues
Dover Beach,The Scholar-Gipsy, Thyrsis, Culture and Anarchy,Literature and Dogma, On Translating Homer (1861), The Popular Education of France (1861)
Matthew Arnold has been characterized as a sage writer, .

the third great Victorian poet
William Wordsworth, John Keats, Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, John Henry Newman, Goethe,Senancour
George Sexternal image insert_table.gifaintsbury, T. S. Eliot, F. R. Leavis, Lionel Trilling, Mordecai Kaplan, Don Cupitt, Florence Earle Coates
Novelist and Poet
Wuthering Heights
only book was published by her family after her death

(Pen name: Ellis Bell)
The Holy Bible, William Shakespeare, Lord Byron, John Milton, Robert Burns, Walter Scott,Charlotte Brontë
Virginia Woolf, Joyce Carol Oates, Anne Carson, Phillip Roth, Alice Munro, Thomas Hardy, Sylvia Plath, William Faulkner, Anne Brontë
Novelist and Poet
Fiction, realistic, sharp and ironic style
Agnes Grey, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall

The Holy Bible, Charlotte Brontë, Emily Brontë,William Cowper

Charlotte Brontë
Novelist and Poet
Jane Eyre, Villette, The Professor
(Pen name: Currer Bell)
The Bible, Shakespeare, John Bunyan, John Milton, Robert Burns, Robert Southey, Walter Scott
George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Jean Rhys, Anne Brontë, Emily Brontë , Stephenie Meyer
Christina Rossetti
romantic, devotional, and children's poems
In the Bleak Midwinter, Goblin Market,

Joseph Conrad
strain of romanticism, he is viewed as a precursor of modernist literature, narrative style and anti-heroic characters
Heart of Darkness
Lord Jim

Stephen Crane, Ford Madox Ford, Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Henry James,H.G. Wells, Ivan Turgenev

Robert Browning
dramatic verse, especially dramatic monologues
The Pied Piper of Hamelin, Porphyria's Lover, The Ring and the Book, Men and Women, My Last Duchess

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Novelist and Poet
science fiction stories, historical novels, plays and romances, poetry, and non-fiction
Stories of Sherlock Holmes
The Lost World

Edgar Allan Poe, Jules Verne, Robert Louis Stevenson
Agatha Christie and other detective fiction authors, Edgar Rice Burroughs
Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Men and Women, Sonnets from the Portuguese, Aurora Leigh
She believed that "Christ's religion is essentially poetry—poetry glorified.

Emily Dickinson, Edgar Allan Poe, Dante andChristina Rossetti, Algernon Charles Swinburne
Lord Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Poet, Playwrite, Novelist
historical fiction, mystery, romance, the occult, and science fiction
Pelham, Vivian Grey (1827), Godolphin (1833), The Pilgrims of the Rhine (1834), The Last Days of Pompeii (1834), Rienzi, Last of the Roman Tribunes (1835), The Last of the Saxons (1848), The Coming Race or Vril: The Power of the Coming Race (1871), Money (1840),
most famous quotation, "the pen is mightier than the sword", is from his play Richelieu

Wilkie Collins
Novelist, Playwrite, and Author

The Woman in White, The Moonstone, Armadale and No Name

Charles Dickens
social reform, realism, mastery of prose, 18th century Gothic romance, parody, fantasy
Sketches by Boz, The Old Curiosity Shop,Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, Barnaby Rudge, A Christmas Carol, Martin Chuzzlewit, A Tale of Two Cities, David Copperfield, Great Expectations, Bleak House, Little Dorrit, Hard Times, Our Mutual Friend, The Pickwick Papers

Benjamin Disraeli
Sybil and Vivian Grey, The Young Duke (1831), Contarini Fleming (1832), Alroy (1833),Venetia and Henrietta Temple (1837), The Revolutionary Epick and three burlesques, Ixion, The Infernal Marriage, and Popanilla, "the Trilogy"–Sybil, Coningsby, and Tancred, Endymion

George Eliot
(Mary Anne Evans)
Novelist and Journalist
realism, psychological insight, politically astute
The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch (1871–72), and Daniel Deronda (1876), Adam Bede (1859), Romola (1863), Felix Holt, the Radical (1866)
used a male pen name because she did not want her writings to be stereotyped or judged just because she was a woman
Miguel de Cervantes, Honoré de Balzac,Charlotte Brontë, Jane Austen
Marcel Proust, Thomas Mann, Virginia Woolf,Margaret Atwood, Norman Mailer, Martin Amis
Elizabeth Gaskell
Gothic, industrial fiction, Unitarianism
North and South (1854), Wives and Daughters (1865), Mary Barton (1848),Cranford (1851–3), Ruth (1853), Sylvia's Lovers (1863), Wives and Daughters: An Everyday Story (1865), The Moorland Cottage (1850), Mr. Harrison's Confessions (1851), The Old Nurse's Story (1852), Lizzie Leigh (1855), My Lady Ludlow (1859), Round the Sofa (1859), Lois the Witch (1861), A Dark Night's Work (1863), Cousin Phillis (1864), wrote the first biography of Charlotte Brontë
worked with Charles Dickens

George Meredith
Novelist and Poet

The Shaving of Shagpat (1856), Farina (1857), The Ordeal of Richard Feverel (1859), Evan Harrington (1861), The Adventures of Harry Richmond (1871), Beauchamp's Career (1875), The Egoist (1879), The Tragic Comedians (1880), Diana of the Crossways (1885), Modern Love (1862), Poems and Lyrics of the Joy of Earth (1883), The Woods of Westermain (1883), Last Poems (1909), Lucifer in Starlight

George Gissing
realist, naturalist
Thyrza (1887), The Nether World (1889), Born In Exile (1892),
Will Warburton (1905), New Grub Street
Married Edith Underwood in 1891, but because she was prone to fits of temper and violence, they separated. In 1901 she was certified as insane.

Richard Jefferies
Novelist, Writer
nature writer, natural history, Children's Literature
Bevis (1882), After London (1885), The Story of My Heart (1883), The Amateur Poacher (1879), Round About a Great Estate (1880), The Scarlet Shawl, Restless Human Hearts
"Why, we must have been blind all our lives; here were the most wonderful things possible going on under our very noses, but we saw them not."

Thomas Hardy
Novelist and Poet
Naturalism, elements of the previous Romantic and Enlightenment periods of literature, fascination with the supernatural
Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891), Far from the Madding Crowd, The Poor Man and the Lady, Desperate Remedies (1871), Under the Greenwood Tree (1872), A Pair of Blue Eyes, Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The Return of the Native (1878), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886), The Woodlanders (1887), Jude the Obscure (1895), Two on a Tower
his mentor and friend, Victorian poet and novelist George Meredith
Arthur Schopenhauer, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, John Milton, Charlotte Brontë
Philip Larkin, D. H. Lawrence, Stephen King, John Fowles
A. E. Housman
English classical scholar and Poet
Lyric Poetry
A Shropshire Lad, Last Poems (1922), Fragment of a Greek Tragedy,
Housman was counted one of the foremost classicists of his age, and has been ranked as one of the greatest scholars of all time

Rudyard Kipling

(Kipling website)
Short story writer, novelist, poet, journalist
Short story, novel, children's literature, poetry, travel literature, science fiction
The Jungle Book, Just So Stories, "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi", Kim (1901), "The Man Who Would Be King" (1888), Mandalay (1890), Gunga Din (1890), and If— (1910), The Light that Failed, "My Boy Jack",
Nobel Prize in Literature
1907, making him the first English language writer to receive the prize, and to date he remains its youngest recipient.

Robert A. Heinlein, Jorge Luis Borges, Roald Dah

influential enough to where a crater on the planet Mercury was named after Kipling
Robert Louis Stevenson
Novelist, poet, travel writer

Treasure Island, A Child's Garden of Verses, Kidnapped, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, An Inland Voyage (1878), Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes (1879), The Black Arrow: A Tale of the Two Roses (1883), Prince Otto (1885),

Edgar Allan Poe
H. Rider Haggard, Jorge Luis Borges, Javier Marías, Ernest Hemingway, Rudyard Kipling,Vladimir Nabokov, J. M. Barrie, Michael de Larrabeiti, Arthur Conan Doyle
Bram Stoker
Gothic, Romantic Fiction
The Snake's Pass (1890), Dracula (1897), The Lady of the Shroud (1909), The Lair of the White Worm (1911), The Primrose Path (1875), The Watter's Mou' (1895), The Shoulder of Shasta (1895), Miss Betty (1898), The Mystery of the Sea (1902), The Jewel of Seven Stars (1903), Lady Athlyne (1908)
Before writing Dracula, Stoker spent several years researching European folklore and mythological stories of vampires.
John Polidori, Sheridan Le Fanu
Stephen King, Anne Rice, Miroslav Šustek
Algernon Charles Swinburne
Poet, playwright, novelist, and critic
decadent poet, florid style, philosophy and politics,
Atalanta in Calydon (1865), Poems and Ballads (1866), Songs before Sunrise (1871), Poems and Ballads Second Series, (1878) Tristram of Lyonesse (1882), Poems and Ballads Third Series (1889), Lesbia Brandon (1952), "The Leper," "Laus Veneris," "St Dorothy," "Hymn to Proserpine", "The Triumph of Time", "Dolores (Notre-Dame des Sept Douleurs)", Tristram of Lyonesse (1917),
He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in every year from 1903-1907 and again in 1909

Oscar Wilde stated that Swinburne was "a braggart in matters of vice, who had done everything he could to convince his fellow citizens of his homosexuality and bestiality without being in the slightest degree a homosexual or a bestializer."
Alfred Lord Tennyson, Robert Browning,

Philip Meadows Taylor
Anglo-Indian administrator and novelist

Tippoo Sultaun (1840), Tara (1863), Ralph Darnell (1865), Seeta (1872), and A Noble Queen (1878), Student's Manual of the History of India (1870), The Story of My Life (1877),

Lord Tennyson
Poet laureate
classical mythological themes
medieval legends to classical myths and from domestic situations to observations of nature, musical qualities of words
"In the valley of Cauteretz", "Break, Break, Break", "The Charge of the Light Brigade", "Tears, Idle Tears", "Crossing the Bar", "Timbuctoo", The Lady of Shalott, The Princess (1870), Princess Ida (1884).
Queen Victoria was an ardent admirer of Tennyson's work
William Shakespeare, Geoffrey Chaucer, John Milton, John Keats

William Thackeray
satirist and parodist
Vanity Fair, Pendennis, The Newcomes, The History of Henry Esmond, The Newcomes, The Adventures of Philip
During the Victorian era, Thackeray was ranked second only to Charles Dickens, but he is now much less read and is known almost exclusively for Vanity Fair.
John Bunyan, Balzac, Henry Fielding, Jonathan Swift
George Orwell, Charlotte Brontë
Anthony Trollope
political, social, and gender issues
The Macdermots of Ballycloran, Barchester Towers, Ralph the Heir, Lady Anna

George MacDonald

(G. MacDonald wiki page)
Minister, Writer (poet, novelist)
poignant fairy tales and fantasy novels
Phantastes, The Princess and the Goblin, At the Back of the North Wind, Lilith, "The Light Princess", "The Golden Key", "The Wise Woman", The Day Boy and the Night Girl (1882), The Princess and Curdie (1883, sequel to ' The Princess and the Goblin '), Within and Without (1855), Exotics (1876), Evenor (1972 )
It was C.S. Lewis who wrote that he regarded MacDonald as his "master"
Even Mark Twain, who initially disliked MacDonald, became friends with him, and there is some evidence that Twain was influenced by MacDonald.
served as a mentor to Lewis Carroll
a surviving group photograph shows him with Tennyson, Dickens, Wilkie Collins, Trollope, Ruskin, Lewes, and Thackeray
he was a friend of Longfellow and Walt Whitman.

W. H. Auden, J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, E. Nesbit and Madeleine L'Engle, Lewis Carroll, Mark Twain
G.M. Hopkins
Poet, Jesuit priest, Professor of Classics
experimental explorations in prosody (especially sprung rhythm)
A Philosopher's Stone and Other Poems (1843), Pietas Metrica (1849), Spicelegium Poeticum, A Gathering of Verses by Manley Hopkins (1892), As Kingfishers Catch Fire, God’s Grandeur
As an undergraduate he engaged in friendships that may be viewed as romantic, though they tended to be idealised and spiritualised. In particular, he found it hard to accept his sexual attraction to other men - including a deep infatuation for Digby Mackworth Dolben.Their relationship was abruptly ended by Dolben's drowning in June 1867, an event which greatly affected Hopkins, although his feeling for Dolben seems to have cooled a good deal by that time. "Ironically, fate may have bestowed more through Dolben’s death than it could ever have bestowed through longer life ... [for] many of Hopkins’s best poems — impregnated with an elegiac longing for Dolben, his lost belovèd and his muse — were the result." There is nothing to suggest, however, any physical consummation and indeed he seems to have remained celibate throughout his life. He exercised a strict self-control in regard to his homosexual desire. It was during this time of intense scrupulosity that Hopkins seems to have especially begun confronting his strong homoerotic impulses.
He is thought to have suffered throughout his life from what today might be diagnosed as either bipolar disorder or chronic unipolar depression, and battled a deep sense of melancholic anguish. However, on his death bed his last words were "I am so happy, I am so happy. I loved my life"

Oscar Wilde

The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890), Salome (1891), The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), De Profundis, "Ravenna", The Happy Prince and Other Tales, Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories, The House of Pomegranates, The Portrait of Mr. W. H.,
After graduation from Oxford, Wilde returned to Dublin, where he met again Florence Balcombe, a childhood sweetheart. She, however, became engaged to Bram Stoker (who later wrote Dracula), and they married in 1878.
Plato, Aristotle, Greek literature, William Shakespeare, Théophile Gautier, French literature, Joris-Karl Huysmans, John Keats, Victor Hugo, Peter Kropotkin, Walter Pater, John Ruskin, James McNeill Whistler, John Pentland Mahaffy
Jorge Luis Borges, James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, Paul Merton, James Morrow, Enchi Fumiko, Erico Verissimo, Irène Némirovsky, André Gide, Max Beerbohm, Stephen Fry, Lawrence Durrell, Camille Paglia, Dave Sim, Mateiu Caragiale,Tom Stoppard, Saki, Amanda Filipacchi, W. H. Pugmire, Ronald Firbank, Christopher Hitchens, Morrissey, Peter Doherty, Benjamin Tucker,[1] Renzo Novatore
Lewis Carroll
Novelist Author, mathematician,
Anglican clergyman, photographer
genre of literary nonsense, word play, logic, and fantasy
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland,Through the Looking-Glass, "The Hunting of the Snark", "Jabberwocky", What the Tortoise Said to Achilles
o promote letter writing, Dodgson invented The Wonderland Postage-Stamp Case in 1889. This was a cloth-backed folder with twelve slots, two marked for inserting the then most commonly used penny stamp, and one each for the other current denominations to one shilling. The folder was then put into a slip case decorated with a picture of Alice on the front and the Cheshire Cat on the back. All could be conveniently carried in a pocket or purse. When issued it also included a copy of Carroll's pamphletted lecture, Eight or Nine Wise Words About Letter-Writing.

H. G. Wells
Novelist, teacher, historian, journalist
science fiction, contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, writing text books
The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, The Island of Doctor Moreau,The War of the Worlds, The First Men in the Moon, The Shape of Things to Come
In 1891 Wells married his cousin Isabel Mary Wells, but left her in 1894 for one of his students, Amy Catherine Robbins (known as Jane), whom he married in 1895.
Thomas Henry Huxley, Plato, Jonathan Swift
Kevin J. Anderson, Isaac Asimov, Stephen Baxter, Ray Bradbury, Edgar Rice Burroughs,Arthur C. Clarke, Joseph Conrad, Robert H. Goddard, Robert A. Heinlein, Aldous Huxley, Stan Lee, C. S. Lewis, H. P. Lovecraft, Alan Moore,George Orwell, Frank R. Paul, Carl Sagan, Olaf Stapledon, Stanley G. Weinbaum, Jack Williamson

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